Share. in particular, means “for the reason mentioned” which is used to connect the consequence or effect of another implied action or circumstance. In this case, commas indicate pauses. It's my birthday, so … The people "who make the rules" have decided that a comma in front of "as/so long as" is optional, but a comma before He has been feeling ill for several days now, so he booked a medical check-up. All of us must have had doubtful moments whether or not to hook a comma before so in sentences. A comma is needed before “so” when it’s acting as a conjunction to bring together two independent clauses. Recalling one of the most fundamental ways to classify conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions bind words, phrases, and clauses that are of equal importance in a sentence. Caution: 'so,are you' is a question, but 'so are you' is a statement (fragment), perhaps in response to 'you are cute'. So may also be an indirect substitute to also as an additive adverb, and when used like this, comma placement is unnecessary. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. However, none of the major English dictionaries (such as Oxford English Dictionary or Merriam-Webster) endorses such usage. Introductory words like the ones you mention (also "moreover", "in contrast" etc.) A comma should be used with conjunctions, such as 'and' or 'so,' when they're combining two or more complete sentences. Comma Before 'And' & 'So' Although commas are used in many different ways, in this video we're only going to address the use of commas with the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.' Bear in mind that a subordinating clause is something that cannot stand alone, therefore lacking either a subject or a verb. How to use thereafter in a sentence. So, it should be followed by a comma.I was not feeling well. So again, the best simple rule-of-thumb is to avoid comma-after-so (indeed comma after any FANBOYS) at the beginning of a sentence, immediately following a semicolon, or immediately following a comma. His two front teeth were about ten miles apart before, so we nicknamed him Goofy. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us. Comma before or after other words. This means that although some changes may seem unconventional, albeit tasking and awkward, we still need to adjust and cope with the said variations. You may also remember them mnemonically as FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so). It depends! It only takes a minute to sign up. I'll add my two cents though. What would be the most efficient and cost effective way to stop a star's nuclear fusion ('kill it')? He went by DC for Danger Cat though. Continue sentence after enumeration — comma needed/advised? as an additive adverb, and when used like this, mainly functions as a coordinating conjunction, it can, however, also function as a subordinating conjunction tying up an independent and a, that a subordinating clause is something that cannot stand alone, therefore lacking either a subject or a. So is a subordinating conjunction when its meaning is in order that, with the purpose that. Posted at 15:59h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. Upon reflection it seems there should be a comma before the "so" since it's being used as a coordinating conjunction. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. 2.1. after introductory subclauses: If you leave the door open, the dog might run away. You cannot do this with conjunctive adverbs (e.g., however, furthermore, consequently), but you … You can use the same three-part rule for a sentence with and, or, yet, and so. As language evolves, lexical and grammatical changes may also be observed, thereby essentializing adaptive behaviors in the process. Thanks for all that you do. So, in particular, means “for the reason mentioned” which is used to connect the consequence or effect of another implied action or circumstance. 3. ', In both of the above examples, a comma was used after the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.'. After you memorize these comma rules, brush up on these grammar rules that will make you sound smart. is the one that denotes the same as “very” or “to a high extent”. If you omit the comma after 'that' in those sentences, you have to omit them all, in order to avoid confusing the reader through an inconsistent use of commas as clause markers. Drawing hollow disks in 3D with an sphere in center and small spheres on the rings, Program to top-up phone with conditions in Python. Cement, levels, sheet rock, and so forth are needed for the construction project. In most cases, except particularly when acting as a coordinating conjunction or parenthetical element, commas aren’t necessary with so. It’s me, Marcel. Your question seems to be an accidental duplicate. Grammar prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of so, but, or and at the sentence-initial position. Although it was mentioned earlier that so mainly functions as a coordinating conjunction, it can, however, also function as a subordinating conjunction tying up an independent and a dependent clause together. Similarly with 'so'. The following conjunctions (so-called coordinating conjunctions) are used in such case: * and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. So what is the Oxford comma? Sorry. Moreover, a comma is also necessary after so when it is followed by a parenthetical expression. Conjunctions that also carry adverbial function are known as conjunctive adverbs or adverbial connectors. A Comma before However It is common grammar mistake to use a comma before however when it is being used to merge two sentences into a compound sentence.For example: I hate potatoes, however, I like chips. [Here the comma replaces was]) before, after, or around a noun or pronoun used independently in speaking to some person, place or thing (I hope, Kenny, that you will read this.) The other case that necessitates a comma insertion before so is when it is used as a parenthetical expression. Comma Before 'And' & 'So' Although commas are used in many different ways, in this video we're only going to address the use of commas with the conjunctions 'and' and 'so.' Not so much a grammar thing as far as I know, in this specific case. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. The Oxford comma reduces ambiguity in lists. When do we need to put a comma after "so"? Wait—not what you wanted to hear? The attic’s ceiling, so low that one has to forcefully duck, conceals a secret room. Okay, let me try to break it down. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. The students asked for a second chance to rewrite the exam, but the teacher did not grant it. Well, ... After all, t he Oxford comma gets its name from Oxford University Press, where its readers, editors, and writers would commonly use it. The owl paddled; so it made sense for the monkey to sleep. This next rule more likely has grammatical grounds, and, strictly necessitating comma use right after. Meanwhile, a comma after so is essentially inserted when it is used as a coordinating conjunction combining two independent clauses denoting a cause-and-effect relationship. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. rev 2020.12.8.38145, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Other coordinating conjunctions can be: but, for, or, nor, so, yet, and. (No comma after "and so forth" because the sentence doesn't require it up till that point.) Dad has installed surveillance cameras so as to ensure our safety. The rules here are for specific uses of commas only, so take care not to assume they’ll be valid for all uses of commas. essentializing adaptive behaviors in the process. Comma After … Your current comma should not be there at all. If you’re wondering whether you need a comma after but, the answer is that you probably don’t.. What happens if you Shapechange whilst swallowed? A comma is essentially put before so in this case. Much like other conjunctive adverbs, though, it, too, seems to require that comma. How can you come out dry from the Sea of Knowledge? It's sometimes easy to confuse gerund- or infinitive-phrase subjects like the following with nonessential introductory phrases, so be careful. When "so" is used as a conjunction, [ I was not feeling well today, so I did not go to school. ] As mentioned some paragraphs ago, parenthetical elements have to be encapsulated from the rest of the sentence with commas to set its distinction apart. On that note, as conjunctive adverbs normally require a succeeding comma placement, this rule should also similarly apply to so, especially when transitioning to substantially noteworthy information. Do you want people to pause slightly when reading the phrase? Good article, but I’m left wondering about a detail. The comma before so is a little different. [1] It was dark, so I turned on the lights. So let’s look at specific questions and examples of comma usage. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Parentheticals are thoughts or information inserted halfway through the sentence or at the end as a means to provide extra layers of details that are grammatically dispensable. Grammatically speaking, a comma splice isn’t required after the word ‘so’ as everyone here has consistently mentioned. If so, then the serial comma is redundant. One of the most basic lexical meanings of. Another way to determine whether or not to use a comma is to split the sentence into two and replace the “so” with a period. He’s unable to carry the four puppies all together, so he placed two down, and headed towards the car. The commas in these sentences are being used to help mark the clauses. So basically did he approach the problem, that there was no comma required after his introduction. Commas and However This page is about whether to use a semicolon or a comma before however. , especially when transitioning to substantially noteworthy information. Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. Therefore, when so is followed by a parenthetical expression, a comma is always necessary after it.So, if you would allow, I’d like to move in with your daughter two months from now. Is a comma needed after 'so' in this sentence: "So are you going to get it?" Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. Thus, language is a living organism that thrives with human civilization. Well, it doesn’t have to be that bad, does it? Required fields are marked * Comment. AG on March 28, 2010 1:16 pm. When adverbs serve their purpose to add or supplement relevant details of another idea that has been mentioned, we refer to them as additive adverbs. Free Comma Separating Tool. Be it for taking a list of zip codes or names to make an SQL query, or to take data from a CSV and be able to paste into an array. However, to place a comma after and is not considered grammatically correct. That's because it's not so much functioning as the word "so" usually functions (as a conjunction or adverb) as it is a sort of speech marker, almost like you'd use "um." Don't Use a Comma for an Adverbial at the Back of a Sentence When your adverbial is at the back, the tendency is to omit the comma. The other case that necessitates a comma insertion before. (It is usually followed by that.) I'd put a comma after 'so'. By the way, if you used the very formal conjunction "provided that," then you would HAVE TO use the comma: I like to read anywhere in the house, provided that I can't hear my brother. I am learning so much from your site. Comma placement before so is applied when it is used as a parenthetical component for stylistic reasons. Let’s now take a closer look at comma-decisions before and after a word as flexible as bamboo — so. But you would put the comma after the but as well in this sentence: I'd like a cat, but, according to my doctor, I'm allergic to cat hairs. Look at these two examples: A band played in the park for 8 hours on Tuesday 4th July. Hi, I sometimes see commas after the word So, - is that corect and if so why? Syntactically, the conjunction so is used to conjoin two clauses with a complete thought (independent clauses) and with equal weight. When do we need to put a comma after “so” at the beginning of a sentence? Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. (in that sentence, 'according to the doctor' is a separate clause, so you have commas around it). More about how you want it to sound. A comma is only placed before conjunctions like and and or in lists, the so-called "Oxford comma". So, I believe someone’s getting hitched soon. This one's for the semicolon abusers: if a conjunctive adverb is used to begin, interrupt, or conclude a sentence, a comma—not a semicolon—must come before and/or after the adverb (depending on whether it is at the beginning, middle, or end). When used in this sense, it can either be called an adverb of degree or intensifier whose job is to add another layer of emotional implication of what is being modified. Really, are the commas so vital in the sentence below? Punctuations, especially commas, are but sneaky too since they have more grammatical and stylistic rules to follow. 1. In Brexit, what does "not compromise sovereignty" mean? So, I decided to consult a doctor. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after dependent clauses (when they precede independent clauses), and to set off appositives. So, are you going to get it?" Despite that, this decision mainly lies in two writing circumstances: (1) when using it as a coordinating conjunction and (2) when inserting it as a parenthetical element. Your email address will not be published. Comma after the noun of the Oxford comma? I find “so Augustus adopted Tiberius” is the most natural way of saying it. (whatever 'it' is), Now, if I was really excited about a video game and trying to convince my friend to buy it, after telling him why he should get it, I might say it without the comma. It says that after "so" (meaning, therefore; and for that reason) we have a "main clause" [1] but after "so (that)" (meaning, with the purpose or intention that) we have a "subordinate clause" [2]. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Thereafter definition is - after that. Contrary to oft-quoted advice, comma use does not depend upon where you want a pause in a sentence. I look forward to … comma in your particular sentence. The word “too” is an adverb that indicates “also” or “in addition.” It most often shows up in the middle or at the end of a sentence. 2. Do you often need to take a spreadsheet of data and convert to a comma-delimited list? But in the field of Literature and colloquialism, a comma could be placed to emphasise or sound more like when spoken respectively. If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” Leave a comment Cancel reply. If, however, the subordinating conjunction (and its dependent clause) come at the beginning of a sentence, a comma must be used after the clause. That will nearly always align you with great writers and editors. Many if-phrases usually need one: "If you're using commas at all, you need one in this sentence after all." … How Close Is Linear Programming Class to What Solvers Actually Implement for Pivot Algorithms. Removing "that" leaves "so", which does not change the sentence's meaning. The comma before so is a little different. Coordinating conjunctions bind words, phrases, and. So you could say, “I too like reading mysteries” or “I like reading mysteries too.” If, on the other hand, you want to emphasize an abrupt change of thought (1), you do use commas, which, among other things, are used to indicate pauses: “I, too, like reading my… What were (some of) the names of the 24 families of Kohanim? So, should you put a comma after introductory words such as now, today, etc.? The brief pause after "so" with the use of a comma -- in my mind -- would seem to subconsciously suggest a bit of suspense. On the other hand, I, too, have pondered whether or not that comma is always needed. The same is true for the other conjunctions – and, or, if, etc. You’ve already been dating him for five years now and you seem to have an utterly stable relationship. 2.2. after introductory phrases because the sentence doesn't require it up till that point.) Which tasks can be visually confirmed by other crew members? Recalling one of the most fundamental ways to classify conjunctions, so is one of those with a coordinating function. If a comma is/isn't needed, I would love a small brief explanation as to why. German Vocabulary ― What is the Meaning of Waltersobchakeit? (No comma after "etc." In speech the pause may be omitted because the context is clearly adverbial, but in writing, the comma after 'so' marks the end of the adverbial, preventing a 'garden … The comma is perhaps the most puzzling mark of punctuation. In this article we’re going to look at comma use near the beginnings of sentences, after introductory elements. 11. Consequently, no commas are needed when it is used in all its other adverbial and subordinating conjunction senses. When so is used to mean therefore, it is a transitional adverb. So is a subordinating conjunction when its meaning is in order that, with the purpose that. Comma before or after "in particular": The Definitive Guide, The Truth about "I look forward to speaking with you". But in fiction, where "so" is used in dialogue, the comma after so is a matter of house style. Visualizing MD generated electron density cubes as trajectories. then there should be a comma before it because that word joins two independent clauses. I think I got something here This 2-page PDF, the following link, tells the difference between "so" and "so that". because of the presence of other better cohesive devices to use, language evolution has allowed it to be utilized as a conjunctive adverb in the modern age. is followed by a parenthetical expression, a comma is always necessary after it. Nevertheless, many American authors and bloggers are unaware of this recommendation, so you are much more likely to read a text with no commas after “i.e.” and “e.g.” written by an American than a text written by a British author with the commas included. Why are engine blocks so robust apart from containing high pressure? Correct comma usage in an explanation of comma usage! Certain grammatical situations require the use of a comma before and.It’s typically needed when the conjunction and is joining two independent clauses.Or if you’re using it in lists that require an Oxford comma.. Comma After “Or” Margie Wakeman Wells February 12, 2015 The Comma , Uncategorized 4 Comments When an attorney puts two questions (often unrelated) together with an … How can I show that a character does something without thinking? Although the use of so in the sentence-initial position is not advisable in formal writing because of the presence of other better cohesive devices to use, language evolution has allowed it to be utilized as a conjunctive adverb in the modern age. How can I improve undergraduate students' writing skills? One of the many troubles encountered in writing is with multifaceted words and punctuation marks. A comma insertion is also necessary before the first word of every parenthetical expression, and so can be used in any sense or meaning. The owl paddled, so that the monkey might sleep.This punctuation is fine. Even if some rule tells that it is correct to NOT use a comma before "so that", I would gladly use a comma and break the rule (in this specific case), because it makes everything easier to read and understand - which is the ultimate purpose of the entire effort of communicating (writing). OR Put a comma after one of those bad boys to separate it from a complete thought. Just like “thus”, “hence” is an adverb, not a conjunction, so it cannot join two independent clauses (note that it is more common to omit the commas around “hence” than after “thus” in formal writing): Meanwhile, a comma after so is essentially inserted when it is used as a coordinating conjunction combining two independent clauses denoting a cause-and-effect relationship. (It is usually followed by that.) fall into the category of bracketing commas.Trask's summary of the rules for including bracketing commas are: The word "so" is a coordinating conjunction (like the words and/but), and when a coordinating conjunction is used to connect two independent clauses (students can't see through them ), a comma needs to precede the word. Learn more about these comma rules with the lesson: Do You Need a Comma After 'So' or 'And'? This next rule more likely has grammatical grounds, and thus strictly necessitating comma use right after so even if it is sentence-initially placed. In your example, I think the comma before "so" is appropriate. to indicate that a word has been omitted (The cat was white; the dog, brown. is one of those with a coordinating function. Oliver Smith, Dorridge. Posted on Published: November 1, 2020 Categories English. has several usages, and the ones listed below do not require commas either or both before or after it. Each of the following sentences may look like it requires a comma after the opening segment (marked with an x), but the opening segment is really the subject. Words wearing multiple faces are tricky because we could get tangled up in which denotation or connotation should be applied in what sense. An independent clause is a complete thought with its own subject and predicate. It is grammatically correct to use a comma before "and" (and other coordinating conjunctions such as "but", "or", "nor") only when it splits two independent clauses (i.e. Although comma decisions with multi-meaning words drag both native and non-native writers alike, it is still better to practice proper usage. Why is CG envelope wider when the aircraft is heavy? If I am correct, I now understand the difference when to apply commas and when not to. Here's a link to another thread full of great answers that are better than mine: When do we need to put a comma after "so"? So is a conjunctive adverb when its meaning is therefore. The rules for using commas are so numerous and can seem so arbitrary that one often wishes one could dispense with them once and for all. However, as linguistic norms have changed and evolved, it has also prompted the acceptance of such cohesive devices as sentence starters particularly in spoken language and informal writing. Which tasks can be visually confirmed by other crew members? also remember them mnemonically as FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so). How were drawbridges and portcullises used tactically? Strictly speaking, it does need a comma. Use a comma when a conjunctive adverb begins, interrupts, or concludes a sentence. To me this sounds like it relates to day-to-day conversation. (A comma after "Yesterday" would look a bit unwieldy, so it's okay to omit it.) Some people argue that “therefore” functions perfectly well as a conjunction (like “so”) and separating it with a comma instead of a semicolon is acceptable. Martha has never been so in love until she met Dylan. I would be grateful for your comments. One of the most basic lexical meanings of so is the one that denotes the same as “very” or “to a high extent”. How can I install a bootable Windows 10 to an external drive? is used to conjoin two clauses with a complete thought (independent clauses) and with equal weight. By the way, this comma rule applies to all conjunctions, including and, or, and so.. Do You Need a Comma After But? But in fiction, where "so" is used in dialogue, the comma after so is a matter of house style. Hey fellow Linguaholics! So, basically, what you are asking is how to punctuate this sentence? Thus, you can put a comma before "so that" like this: — Independent, comma. You don't put a comma before "so that" or so if it is used to indicate the purpose of the action in the first clause, but you can put a comma before the so or so that if it is used to show the result or effect of the action just stated. The only time you need a comma after but is when it is immediately followed by an interrupter. Thanks! If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” As language evolves, lexical and grammatical changes may also be observed. On that note, as conjunctive adverbs normally require a succeeding comma placement, this rule should also. A comma insertion is also necessary before the first word of every parenthetical expression, and, Grammar prescriptivists traditionally prohibit the use of. That's because it's not so much functioning as the word "so" usually functions (as a conjunction or adverb) as it is a sort of speech marker, almost like you'd use "um." This means that although some changes may seem unconventional. 0 Likes. It's contextual if you ask me. Short answer: Commas after introductory words are allowed, but not required. So, basically does not mean basely. tasking and awkward, we still need to adjust and cope with the said variations. you to do so that he . (1) Historically the comma is derived from the diagonal slash which was used to indicate a pause. A comma is only placed before conjunctions like and and or in lists, the so-called "Oxford comma". A comma can also be used as an Oxford Comma (the second comma in "A, B, and C") What is causing these water heater pipes to rust/corrode? Comma after “different” and before “[adjective] [noun]”? Comma After … Your current comma should not be there at all. If you are unsure if you should place a comma before so in the middle of your sentence, try replacing so with “therefore” or “so that.” If your sentence seems to work with a replacement of “therefore” without changing the meaning of the sentence, then so is a coordinating conjunction and should have a … In speech the pause may be omitted because the context is clearly adverbial, but in writing, the comma after 'so' marks the end of the adverbial, preventing a 'garden path' interpretation. Thanks to this lesson, you can: See why commas are important Determine what a conjunction is Thanks. http://www.engvid.com/ Do you need to put a comma before and, but, or, for, so, or yet? As an adverb, so has several usages, and the ones listed below do not require commas either or both before or after it. With a comma, the sentence means roughly "Exercise causes blood vessels to open up -- and therefore blood flows more easily." With a comma, the sentence means roughly "Exercise causes blood vessels to open up -- and therefore blood flows more easily."

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